Pioneers: Souad Khalel Ismael

ا.د.ابراهيم خليل العلاف -العراق
الدكتورة سعاد خليل اسماعيل 1928-1995 أول وزيرة للتعليم العالي والبحث العلمي في العراق
     اول وزيرة للتعليم العالي والبحث العلمي في تاريخ العراق الحديث ( 1969 -1972 ) .. أستاذة جامعية ، ومربية فاضلة ، وباحثة ، ومؤلفة ولدت ببغداد سنة 1928 وبعد ان انهت دراستها الابتدائية والمتوسطة والثانوية التحقت بالجامعة الاميركية ببيروت وتخصصت في التربية وعلم النفس ونالت البكالوريوس وعادت الى العراق وعينت مدرسة في احدى المدارس الثانوية  .كتب عنها الصديق الموسوعي الاستاذ حميد المطبعي بضعة اسطر في" موسوعة اعلام وعلماء العراق "
   زوجها هو الدكتور داؤود سلمان علي عميد كلية الطب الاسبق في جامعة بغداد ورئيس الدائرة العلمية بعد ذلك في وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي .
     سافرت الى الولايات المتحدة الاميركية ضمن بعثة علمية لوزارة المعارف-التربية وحصلت على شهادة الدكتوراه من جامعة كاليفورنيا في التربية وعندما عادت الى الوطن عٌينت  مدرسة في"  كلية الملكة عالية " سنة  1957  والتي غٌير اسمها بعد ثورة 14 تموز 1958 الى كلية التحرير ثم كلية البنات وأصبحت الدكتورة سعاد خليل اسماعيل عميدة لهذه الكلية 1963-1966 .
 
 
 
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What a fate: Iraqi woman and the veil?

Ekhlas Altayar*

In early 1920s, Iraqi women won a great chance when an active group of high intellectual people started a march: freedom for Iraqi woman.

Sabiha Sheikh Dawood was the first woman in the School of Law in 1936 and her mother, Nathema, was a Deputy President of the first organization for Iraqi women.

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What Kind of Liberation?: Women and the Occupation of Iraq

books.google.com/books?isbn=0520257294

The first book to examine how Iraqi women have fared since the invasion, What Kind of Liberation? reports from the heart of the war zone with dire news of scarce resources, growing unemployment, violence, and seclusion

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Iraqi Women under Saddam

From 1958 to the 1990s Iraq provided relatively more rights and freedom for women and girls than most of its neighbors. Created in the 1920s and, as a Islamic state, initially adhering to interpretations of Shari’a, Iraq became a republic in 1958. At that point the govern¬ment legislated power away from the Shari’a courts over many aspects of women’s lives.

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Iraq Women's Movement

Shak Hanish
The first Iraqi women's participation in Iraq's modern political history was their participation in the 1920 revolution against British control of Iraq. They assisted in collecting contributions and providing food for the rebels. Women also took part in many peasants' uprisings against feudalism in southern Iraq or in Kurdistan. In 1924 the first women's association, Women al-Nahdha (Renaissance) Association, was established

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Iraq occupation destroyed women's rights

By: Serene Assir
Published Thursday, March 8, 2012
It has been almost nine years since the US and UK launched their criminal invasion of Iraq, and almost three months since a major US troop withdrawal in December 2011. The situation of Iraqi women deteriorated enormously under direct occupation and has only continued to worsen in recent months.

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Women-headed households in Iraq - a case for action

Uploaded on Aug 23, 2011

Over the past 30 years, armed conflicts and sectarian violence have ravaged Iraq, resulting in hundreds of thousands of casualties, and in widowed women suddenly being in charge of their families.

Gender: Women yet to regain their place

IRIN

In the 1980s, Iraqi women enjoyed more basic rights than their counterparts in the region; today, despite steps taken after decades of conflict and sanctions, Iraqi women do not have equal educational or employment opportunities, and many are subjected to gender-based violence.Read more

Iraq: The Women's Story

Published on Apr 1, 2013

A compelling account of a life inside Iraq that is rarely seen on news bulletins: stories of ordinary women whose struggle to survive has only worsened since the war.

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