Health Services 

Depleted Uranium Radioactive Contamination In Iraq: An Overview

Dr. Souad N. Al-Azzawi Assoc. Prof. / Mamoun Univ. for Science & Technology 
Depleted Uranium (DU) weaponry has been used against Iraq for the first time in the history of recent wars. The magnitude of the complications and damage related to the use of such radioactive and toxic weapons on the environment and the human population mostly results from the intended concealment, denial and misleading information released by the Pentagon about the quantities, characteristics and the area’s in Iraq, in which these weapons have been used.
Revelation of information regarding what is called the Gulf War Syndrome among exposed American veterans helped Iraqi researchers and Medical Doctors to understand the nature of the effect of these weapons, and the means required to investigate further into this issue. 

Half Million Child Deaths







(chart made by christoph wilke)






U.S. Charged With War Crimes

Destruction To Infrastructure That Is Vital For Public Health
1. Geneva Convention
 The public health consequences of war go far beyond the direct casualties caused by weapons. Water, for example, is essential to prevent health problems including malnutrition, gastro-intestinal infections and other communicable diseases. Without access to safe water sources the civilian population, especially children, are at risk. Therefore Protocol II of the Geneva Conventions explicitly states: "It is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, such as foodstuffs, agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, livestock, drinking
water installations and supplies

The Devastating Effects of Iraq Sanctions - Denis Halliday & Phillis Bennis 2/19/99

Published on Dec 8, 2012

Iraq: 1989-1999, a decade of sanctions ICRC

After two international wars (the Iran-Iraq war of 1980-88 and the Gulf war of 1991) and nine years of UN-imposed trade sanctions, the Iraqi economy lies in tatters. The " oil-for-food " programme, introduced by UN Resolution 986 in 1995, has not halted the collapse of the health system and the deterioration of water supplies, which together pose one of the gravest threats to the health and well-being of the civilian population. The situation is now exacerbated by water shortages owing to the worst drought in decades.

The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and other humanitarian organizations can only hope to mitigate some of the worst effects of the sanctions. In mid-1999 the International Committee of the Red Cross extended its budget for the year by 60% in order to fund new programmes in the field of health and water and sanitation, which are to continue in the year 2000 -- in full awareness of the fact that humanitarian aid can not nearly cover the overwhelming needs of 22 million people.

Sanction on Iraq

On 13–14 November 1999, over 150 delegates from five countries arrived in Cambridge to attend a conference entitled ‘Sanctions on Iraq: Background, Consequences, Strategies’. In the packed auditorium, they listened as eighteen speakers from four countries – including prominent historians, diplomats, public health specialists, anthropologists, journalists, activists and Iraqi citizens – chronicled Iraq’s manifold suffering under the sanctions regime imposed after the 1990 invasion of Kuwait. In session after session, the audience contributed their challenges, questions, private reflections and professional experiences. The result was an impassioned debate. While the whole dynamic of this dialogue cannot be reproduced in print, the Proceedings offer the speeches that launched it. We invite readers to engage critically with this story of disaster

Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey

Findings The risk of death was estimated to be 2·5-fold (95% CI 1·6–4·2) higher after the invasion when compared with the preinvasion period. Two-thirds of all violent deaths were reported in one cluster in the city of Falluja. If we exclude the Falluja data, the risk of death is 1·5-fold (1·1–2·3) higher after the invasion. We estimate that 98 000 more deaths than expected (8000–194 000) happened after the invasion outside of Falluja and far more if the outlier Falluja cluster is included. The major causes of death before the invasion were myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accidents, and other chronic disorders whereas after the invasion violence was the primary cause of death. Violent deaths were widespread, reported in 15 of 33 clusters, and were mainly attributed to coalition forces. Most individuals reportedly killed by coalition forces were women and children. The risk of death from violence in the period after the invasion was 58 times higher (95% CI 8·1–419) than in the period before the war.

Health Consequences of the Iraq War

Uploaded on Jun 25, 2009
Dr. F.A. Al-Alusi, Chair of Internal Medicine at Baghdad University, and Dr. Eric Stover, Director of the Human Rights Center at the UC Berkeley School of Public Health, examine the health consequences of the Iraq War on combatants and civilians. [6/2009] [Public Affairs] [Health and Medicine] [Professional Medical Education] 

World Health Organization Covers Up Iraq War Crimes

Published on Oct 21, 2013
: Abby Martin calls attention to the gross underestimation of Iraq War casualties, and calls out the WHO over a report that blatantly covers up the connection between the use of depleted uranium by occupation forces and congenital birth defects among Iraqis.

Iraqi Physician Brain Drain in Prolonged Conflict 88-98

Brain Drain can also be defined as an emigration of trained and talented individuals from other nations or jurisdictions, due to conflict, lack of opportunity or health hazards where they are currently working and living. Few countries in the world are unaffected by brain drain of healthcare staff as destination or source countries.  Destination countries receive net flows of professionals while source countries lose their professionals, and as we will see in acute Brain Drain in Iraq, at a precipitous cost to the Public Health of Iraqis.